Writing a detailed plan to assess individuals or groups of students using the assessment results for one or more purposes. To have an effective assessment strategy, a clear definition of what is being assessed and why it is being assessed must be written down in a plan. This document should be created for all assessments. There are several different types of assessments with many other purposes.
The kinds of assessments used can vary depending on your purpose and whether you are assessing how well children know something (a knowledge assessment), how well they can do something (a performance assessment), or even how much time it takes them to complete an activity (time on task).
Two Methods for Assessment
There are two main types of assessment strategies. The first approach is to have a singular assessment strategy that covers every child in the class. The other method is to have multiple different assessments for different children or classes based on their needs. There are two various forms of assessments.
- Traditional methods of assessment
- The new process of assessment
The traditional way of assessing students is through tests, quizzes, and worksheets. This assessment method is goal-oriented, which means that the teacher has a set number of questions or activities to assess how well the student understands the material.
New methods of assessment focus on how well students can apply what they have learned and increase their understanding and skills with every experience they have in the classroom.
Different Types of Assessment Strategies
1. Diagnostic assessments
It is the first type of assessment you should create with a new group of students. It is a tool to help determine what the student knows and is typically used as a pre-test or benchmark practice at the beginning of a unit. These assessments can be short answers, multiple-choice, matching, or even perform tasks depending on what you are assessing.
2. Progress Monitoring Assessment
Progress monitoring assessments may take place every day during guided small-group instruction to inform your teaching for that specific child at that time. They can also take home more than once per week if there are significant gaps in knowledge or skills between other children in the class.
Progress monitoring assessments consist mainly of knowledge or skill activities to inform what the child needs to learn next. Feedback is given after each inspection, and the focus is on making gains in students’ learning.
3. Interim assessments
It happens during a unit or lesson that assesses if your teaching is reaching your goal for that specific student and class. These types of assessments will vary depending on what you are teaching but can include knowledge or skill activities, formative assessments, and benchmark exams depending on the age and need of the student.
4. Benchmark assessments
This occurs at the end of a unit or topic and provides evidence to determine whether students have met expectations for that content unit.
They will also show areas where additional instruction may be necessary to ensure all children meet standards by standard’s end. Benchmark assessments should be more complicated than progress monitoring assessments and can be any assessment depending on the grade level and assessed standard.
5. Summative assessments
This type of assessment occurs at the end of a year, course, or content area, which provides information about whether all students have met the goals you set for them by this point.
Summative assessments should be more complicated than benchmark assessments and can take many forms such as multiple-choice, short answers, fill in the blank, or even performance tasks. Assessment takes on different forms with different objectives and purposes and should always be clearly outlined in your plan book.
Pros of Assessment Strategy
- When you use traditional assessment, it will help the student to be compliant.
- It helps in understanding how students are performing in your class.
- It is used for making core decisions about educational programs and activities.
- When you use new methods of assessment, it will engage more students actively in learning.
- It can improve communication with students, teachers, parents, and other professionals.
- They show the level of growth in children’s education by providing evidence through data collection on areas they might need support or intervention.
Cons of Assessment Strategy
- It does not allow a child to learn from their mistakes or success, which leads to a lack of self-motivation and low self-esteem.
- They restrict teachers’ creativity due to a large amount of planning and preparation into the traditional assessment.
- It takes a lot of time and effort, which can lead to other things being neglected.
- One child may be treated differently from another student if they are assessed unequally.
- In conclusion, there are many ways to assess learners through their academic coursework throughout the year. The type of assessment chosen will depend on your students’ overall objective as a teacher. This lesson teaches how to better understand the different kinds of reviews and why it is essential for children’s learning growth.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
- Why do teachers use different types of assessment?
Different types of assessment are used for various purposes and objectives depending on what kind of data you need to make decisions with. Some types of evaluation are used for formative purposes, while others are used for summative purposes. Some are also great for benchmarking students with the content being taught that year or term.
- Why do teachers prefer different types of assessment?
Teachers prefer new methods of assessments because it allows them to use student data to inform their practice during lessons and throughout the year with different learning activities. It also allows them to meet each child’s needs better to ensure they have all learned successfully by the end of a unit or academic year.
- Are assessments reliable?
All assessment methods have a range of reliability which is the accuracy and consistency of results. The more reliable an assessment method is, the less likely it will produce different results with repeated testing.
- Why are reliable assessments necessary?
Using reliable assessments makes it easier for educators to make accurate decisions about students after obtaining data from consistent appraisals over time. It helps teachers know what areas students excel in and where they need help with their teaching plans for academics, support services, and lesson planning activities throughout the year.